Taking on growing as a hobby is a large undertaking for some people. Some people just want to have a small garden inside, but some people want a large commercial style grow. In either case, however, there are a few basics that will make your life much easier if you know what you are doing. In order to successfully harvest your plants year round indoors, it will be important for you to have the right space, the right growing method, the right nutrients, the proper lighting equipment, and the best accessories to enhance the grow and make sure that you have higher yields than ever.
Having The Right Environment
Having the right place to grow is the most important part of the entire growing process. You’ll have to make sure that you have an environment that has the right temperature, humidity, air circulation, and electrical outlets. The higher the temperature of the space that you are growing in, the more ventilation you will have to have and the more humidity you will have, for example. CO2 levels are incredibly important as part of this too and 300-400ppm is the ideal level for having the best crops. If you don’t plan on adding CO2 in later, this is even more important.
Choosing A Medium
There are two primary ways of indoor growing when it comes to indoor grow rooms: hydroponic and soil. They both offer a different kind of experience and have all of their own problems, but hydroponics seem to be the way of the future. Many people still prefer the organic grows that soil provides, but an aeroponic, hydroponic, or deep water grow can offer greater yields and better tasting plants than anything you have ever grown before. If you choose to go with hydroponics, though, you’ll have to make sure that you do all of your research and take care of all of the equipment properly. Lots of things can go wrong in a hydroponic grow if you aren’t prepared, but the effort is well worth it.
Having proper nutrients, whether in hydroponic solutions or fertilizer, is vital to making sure that your plants are properly fed and have the ability to grow to their maximum potential. Nutrients are divided between macro and micro and these are the two different parts that you will have to combine in the perfect mix to meet your plants needs. Too much of one will burn the plants and cause more problems than if you hadn’t fed them at all. Overall, most people rely on simple N-P-K (Nitrogen – Phosphorus – Potassium) ratios to take care of their plants, while also adding in other additional nutrients that are specially designed for different phases of growth and can help to make sure that they taste great and are of the highest quality once you harvest.
Lighting is one of the most controversial parts of indoor gardening. There are several camps and each one promises that it knows the perfect way to feed light to your plants and ensure that they have all of the “sunlight” that they need to grow and thrive. Intense lighting like HID can provide a lot of light to your plants and help them grow larger than ever, but you’ll also have to battle the content heat that will fill the grow room. LED options offer an alternative to that that is cool and provides a special kind of light for each phase of growth, although you might not have the same level of intensity. There are tradeoffs that will be made with any lighting choice, but if you choose the best for your own grow room you will be able to have a successful harvest.
There are plenty of other accessories that come into play once you start taking indoor growing seriously. Think about things like:
- Exhaust systems that will remove the hot air and route it out of a window to keep the room cool.
- Invest in a carbon scrubber if you are worried about the smell. This will filter out any recognizable scent and keep your nosy neighbors from getting to far into your business.
- CO2 systems can help give your flowering plants extra carbon dioxide to make sure that they flower better than ever.
Your First Grow
With all of these things in mind it can be easier than ever to plan your grow and have a successful harvest. It always takes time to reach your full potential, but with a bit of trial and error you can harvest crop after crop year round without having to worry about any of the problems that outdoor growers do. Think about what you need, what you can afford, and what your goals are, and you’ll surely be off to a fantastic start.